Podiatrist Blog

Posts for category: Foot Condition

By Carmel Foot & Ankle
November 06, 2018
Category: Foot Condition
Tags: Bunions  

Find out if your achy big toe could be the result of a bunion.

Foot BunionA lot of people will develop a bunion at some point during their lifetime. This deformity, typically affecting the joint at the base of your big toe, shows up gradually over the years. It’s important that you turn to our Carmel and Indianapolis, IN podiatrist, Dr. Jeffrey Agricola, if you suspect that your foot pain may be due to a bunion so that you know what to do to prevent it from getting worse.

How do I know that I have a bunion?

It’s pretty easy to determine if you have a bunion just by checking your feet. Take a second to check out your feet. Now, look at the base of your big toe. Is there a hard, bony mass that sticks out? Does your big toe lean in toward the smaller toes? If so, you could be dealing with a bunion.

If you have a bunion, simply standing or walking will put excessive pressure on the deformity, which can make it painful or uncomfortable to walk. You may also find that your shoes no longer fit like they once did and now they rub against the bunion, an effect that often causes a callus to form.

How are bunions treated?

If our Carmel and Indianapolis foot doctor informs you that you have a bunion, you may be wondering how to correct the issue. While surgery is the only definitive way to repair the deformity, surgery isn’t recommended unless the bunion is severe and greatly impacts your ability to walk.

Luckily, there are simple at-home care measures that you can implement into your daily routine to prevent the bunion from getting worse or causing issues. It’s important that you are wearing the proper shoes to protect your foot and to provide ample support and cushioning. Shoes that are too tight and bunch up the toes will only make your bunion worse. Make sure your toes are able to wiggle and move around within your shoes.

You might also benefit from getting custom orthotics from our podiatrist. Orthotics can provide further support and take some pressure and weight off the bunion. You may also choose to splint or brace your foot at night to improve the alignment of the big toe to reduce pain and inflammation.

Contact us today!

Don’t let bunion pain become the norm for you when there are so many simple measures you can take every day to make sure that your feet feel their best! Just because you have a bunion doesn’t mean that you have to put up with foot problems. If bunions are causing you issues, it’s time to turn to the foot experts at Prestige Podiatry in Indianapolis and Carmel, IN, by calling either (317) 881-0070 or (317) 846-4111 for our respective offices.

Foot and Ankle InjuryDr. Jeffrey Agricola, your foot doctor at Prestige Podiatry in Carmel and Indianapolis, IN, is a sports enthusiast. So, in addition to his extensive training in podiatric sports injuries, he well understands the pain, worry and immobility sudden or repetitive injuries can cause. Learn more here about common sports injuries, how they're treated and what you can do to avoid them.

What's the most common injury?

It's the ankle sprain, says the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. A stretching and tearing of the three supporting ligaments of the ankle (especially the one on the outside of the ankle), ankle sprains cause considerable pain, swelling, redness, and limited mobility and range of motion. Usually, the lateral twisting motions associated with running on an uneven surface or slipping on wet pavement cause sprains.

Upon visual inspection and X-ray examination of your extremity, your foot doctor will grade the severity of your sprained ankle and base his conservative treatment plan on that grade. Only the worst cases of sprained ankle require surgical stabilization, but many sprains need:

  • Rest
  • Ice
  • Compression with an elastic bandage to reduce swelling and provide support
  • Elevation above heart level
  • Over-the-counter analgesics to control pain
  • Physical therapy and strengthening exercises
  • Soft casting and crutches (as needed) to limit weight bearing

As with many other injuries related to sports, both amateur and professional athletes can prevent ankle sprains with common sense strategies such as:

  • Adequate warning up and stretching before your activity
  • Staying in good physical condition
  • Keeping within normal weight limits
  • Wearing quality footwear with adequate support
  • Allowing sprains and other injuries adequate time to heal

Other injuries

Many sports injuries do not happen suddenly with traumatic force but with the repeated stresses of running and jumping, placing undue pressure on various foot and ankle structures. For example, tennis, dancing and running, which basically pound the foot over and over again, cause injuries such as:

  • Stress fractures, fine cracks in the bones of the foot or ankle
  • Sesamoiditis, inflammation of the sesamoid bones underneath the big toe
  • Plantar fasciitis, an inflammation of the broad connective tissue between the heel and big toes
  • Heel spurs, small bony protrusions at the front of the calcaneus, or heel bone
  • Achilles tendonitis which affects the tendon between the heel and the calf

Your Indianapolis foot doctor sees these injuries at Prestige Podiatry. He carefully evaluates symptoms, does a hands-on exam and takes X-rays images or other tests as needed. From there, he writes a care plan aimed at recovery of mobility, reduction of pain and prevention of further injury.

Are you athletic?

Actually, anyone who is very active is prone to sports injuries. So, if you're experiencing foot or ankle pain, swelling or dysfunction, call Prestige Podiatry today for a consultation with Dr. Jeffrey Agricola. For the Indianapolis office, call (317) 881-0070. For Carmel, phone (317) 846-4111.

By Carmel Foot & Ankle
May 23, 2018
Category: Foot Condition
Tags: ankle sprain  

A sprained ankle can be a serious nuisance and painful condition. However, understanding the signs of a sprain and knowing what you ankle spraincan do to help your body heal quickly can be the key to overcoming a sprain and getting back on your feet. Find out more about sprained ankles and how your podiatrist can help you with Dr. Jeffrey Agricola at Prestige Podiatry in Carmel and Indianapolis, IN.

What is a sprain? 
A sprain occurs when the ligaments surrounding a joint become damaged or overstretched, often due to a traumatic event like rolling the ankle. Though sprains often present similar symptoms as a broken bone, a break affects only the bone while a sprain only affects the soft tissues.

Is my ankle sprained? 
A sprained ankle produces symptoms like pain, swelling, and bruising focused on the soft tissues around the affected joint. A sprain may allow you to place some pressure on the foot, but a break will not allow you to place any pressure on the foot. Additionally, if your ankle is broken, you will find the pain is concentrated over the ankle joint itself rather than the soft tissues surrounding it.

Diagnosing a Sprained Ankle
If you think that you have a sprained ankle, your podiatrist can help you rule out a broken bone and find the best treatment for you. Though sprains are sometimes obvious from a visual examination, your doctor will use an x-ray to ensure that your bones remain intact and unharmed. If your podiatrist determines that you have a broken bone, you will probably require a cast. However, a sprain requires a less invasive method of treatment.

Sprained Ankle Treatments in Carmel and Indianapolis, IN 
Treating a sprain often begins with the RICE method: resting and icing the foot to help with pain and swelling, using a bandage to compress the foot to help reduce swelling, and elevating the foot over the heart. This method has proven successful in treating sprains and often requires several weeks of using crutches. More severe or frequent sprains may require physical therapy, prescription medication, injection therapy, or even surgery.

For more information on sprained ankles or how your podiatrist can help with a diagnosis and treatment options, please contact Dr. Agricola at Prestige Podiatry in Carmel and Indianapolis, IN. Call (317) 846-4111 to schedule your appointment at the Carmel location and (317) 881-0070 to schedule your appointment at the Indianapolis location today!

By Carmel Foot & Ankle
June 23, 2017
Category: Foot Condition
Tags: Corns  

Wondering how you got the corns on your feet? Dr. Jeffrey Agricola, foot doctor at Prestige Podiatry, treats corns at his Indianapolis, IN, areaCorns offices in Carmel and Greenwood/Southport. He explains how corns develop and discusses treatment options.

What causes corns?

Corns form due to friction. Tight shoes are often the cause of the condition. When your shoes exert constant pressure on your feet, your body reacts by producing a corn. If your shoes are so tight that your toes rub together, the constant friction can cause corns on the sides of your toes. Do you have a hammertoe or bunions? It's not unusual to also have corns because it's difficult to find shoes that don't rub against your feet. Other possible causes of corns include bone spurs, an abnormal gait or flat feet.

What's the difference between corns and calluses?

Both corns and calluses cause the skin in the affected area to thicken. If you have a callus, the skin will remain flat, even though it's thicker than normal. Corns look like raised bumps. Under the skin, the core of the corn may be hard or soft. Corns aren't always painful, but they can be if you have an open sore or if the core happens to push on a nerve. If your corns do hurt, the pain may increase when you wear shoes that press on them.

How are corns treated?

If you suspect that tight shoes are the cause of your corns, it's important to switch to roomier shoes. Placing self-stick cushions over your corns can be helpful, as can using toe separators to reduce rubbing and friction. You may be able to reduce the size of your corn by soaking it in warm water for about 15 minutes, then gently removing the hardened skin with a pumice stone.

If you have diabetes, don't use a pumice stone on your foot. Call our Carmel or Greenwood/Southport office to schedule an appointment instead. Attempting to treat the condition at home can increase your risk of infection.

Whether you have diabetes or home treatment just isn't effective in relieving your corn pain, we can help you feel better. In addition to removing the corns, we can offer orthotics, custom-made shoe inserts that improve the position of your foot when you wear shoes.

Although corns aren't usually a serious condition, they can certainly be painful. If your corn hasn't improved with home treatment, visit Dr. Agricola, our Indianapolis foot doctor at Prestige Podiatry. Schedule an appointment by calling (317) 846-4111 for the Carmel office and (317) 881-0070 for the Greenwood/Southport office.