Podiatrist Blog

Posts for category: Foot Condition

By Prestige Podiatry
February 19, 2019
Category: Foot Condition

Learn more about the most common sports-related injuries and how to prevent them.

Keeping your feet safe and healthy is important, particularly if you are an athlete. We know just how frustrating it can be to get out on thefoot and ankle injuries field and sustain an injury that keeps you benched for weeks on end. Our Carmel and Indianapolis, IN Dr. Jeffrey Agricola can evaluate and treat your sports-related foot and ankle injuries.

Some common sports-related injuries include:

  • Sprains and strains
  • Stress fractures
  • Broken bones
  • Plantar fasciitis
  • Achilles tendonitis

Of course, the goal of any athlete should be to prevent an injury from occurring in the first place; however, we also know that accidents happen and it’s important that you have a foot doctor to turn to when problems arise.

When should I see a podiatrist?

It’s a good idea to visit us for an evaluation if you are dealing with a foot or ankle injury and you aren’t sure what the problem is or how to care for the injury. We can examine the foot and conduct imaging tests to determine what’s going on. It’s best to turn to a doctor for care if you are dealing with:

  • Severe pain or swelling
  • The inability to move or bend the foot
  • Symptoms that don’t go away after at-home care
  • Symptoms that affect your ability to work out or train
  • Joint locking or swelling
  • The inability to put weight on the affected foot or ankle
  • Numbness, weakness or tingling

If you or your child is dealing with any of these symptoms as a result of a sports-related injury then it’s time to give us a call to schedule an appointment. Fortunately, there are certain habits you can adopt to prevent foot and ankle injuries from happening to you. This includes,

  • Training even during the off-season to keep the body limber, strong and prepared to handle the physical demands.
  • Getting a sports physical from your doctor each year to make sure that you are healthy enough for your chosen sport.
  • Treating any injuries right away, as this could prevent more serious complications in the long run.
  • Stretching and warming up the body prior to the game, which will help warm up the ligaments and blood vessels within the feet and ankle to prevent injuries.
  • Remember to wear the appropriate footwear for your sport of choice, as well as the proper protective gear.

If you are dealing with a sports-related injury that requires podiatric care then it’s time to call Prestige Podiatry in Carmel and Indianapolis. Take care of your feet so they can take care of you.

By Carmel Foot & Ankle
January 23, 2019
Category: Foot Condition
Tags: Hammertoe  

Find out how hammertoes occur and what you can do to prevent it from getting worse.

HammertoeA hammertoe is a foot deformity that causes the joint in the smaller toes to bend downward. This is often the result of a muscle imbalance within the feet. Since the toes are bent they are also more likely to rub against shoes and develop calluses. So, how do you know if you have a hammertoe, and when should you visit your Carmel and Indianapolis, IN, podiatrist Dr. Jeffrey Agricola for an evaluation?

Do I have a hammertoe?

If you notice that the small toes bend downward at the middle joint then chances are good that you are dealing with a hammertoe. There are two types: a flexible hammertoe and a rigid hammertoe. As you might be able to guess from the names alone, a flexible hammertoe is one in which you can straighten it out.

A rigid hammertoe is permanently deformed and cannot be straightened out. In the case of a rigid hammertoe, the only way to fix this issue is by getting surgery to repair the damaged joint.

I have a hammertoe. Now what?

So, our Carmel and Indianapolis foot doctor just told you that you have a hammertoe. The next step is to prevent the issue from getting worse. Many people develop hammertoes but never develop pain or other issues as a result. Common ways to treat a hammertoe include,

Wearing appropriate footwear: This is the most important piece of advice to follow if you want to prevent hammertoes or keep your hammertoe from getting worse. If you want to avoid surgery to correct the hammertoe then you’ll want to wear shoes that give your toes enough room so they aren’t bunched up. Also, make sure that the shoes you wear have ample arch support.

Stretching and strengthening exercises: That’s right! You can do foot exercises every day to help strengthen the muscles of the toes. Our podiatrist would be happy to show you a couple of exercises you can do throughout the day to prevent the toe’s contracture from getting worse.

Wear protective padding: Before putting on shoes it’s not a bad idea to apply a protective pad to the hammertoe to prevent it from rubbing against your shoes and developing a painful corn or callus.

If you think you might be dealing with a hammertoe but you aren’t sure turn to Dr. Jeffrey Agricola at Prestige Podiatry in Carmel and Indianapolis, IN for a diagnosis. Call our office today to find out how we can help treat your hammertoe.

By Carmel Foot & Ankle
January 15, 2019
Category: Foot Condition
Tags: Bunions  

Bunion TreatmentGot bunions? A bunion is a bony prominence that forms on the joint at the base of the big toe. Bunions can be extremely painful. Many individuals unnecessarily suffer the pain of bunions for years before seeking treatment. Because bunions are progressive, they usually get worse without treatment. Dr. Jeffrey Agricola at Prestige Podiatry, with offices in Carmel and Indianapolis, IN, offers treatments for bunions. 

About Bunions

Bunions are often referred to as hallux valgus. A bunion is an unnatural, bony bump on the side of the big toe. Bunions can be mild, moderate, or severe. This deformity will gradually increase and may make it painful to walk. Bunions can last for years or be lifelong. 

Causes of Bunions

Bunions are often caused by wearing footwear that is too tight across the toes. Bunions occur mostly in women, as they are more likely to wear high heels and narrow shoes. Some conditions, such as arthritis can also cause bunions. Bunions can also run in families. Certain foot types make people prone to developing bunions. 

Symptoms of Bunions

Bunions often cause inflammation and pain around the joint at the base of the affected toe. The skin may become warm or red. Symptoms may also include a burning sensation or numbness. Some people with bunions have sores between the toes or calluses on the big toe. In some cases, bunions cause no symptoms.

Diagnosing Bunions

In most cases, a podiatrist can diagnose a bunion though physical exam. During the exam, your podiatrist may ask you to move your toe back and forth to check for limited movement. Your Carmel and Indianapolis podiatrist may order an X-ray to determine the degree of the deformity. Once your doctor has evaluated your condition, a treatment plan that is suited to your needs can be developed.

Treatment of Bunions

To treat your bunion, your Carmel and Indianapolis podiatrist may recommend a medication to reduce the discomfort and inflammation. Your doctor may pad and tape your bunion to keep it in a normal position. Padding and taping the bunion can ease your pain and prevent your bunion from getting worse. In some cases, orthotics may be provided by the podiatrist. In some cases, surgery is required to treat a bunion.

Don't let a bunion hold you back in life. Call Prestige Podiatry at 317-846-4111 today to schedule an appointment in Carmel, IN. Call 317-881-0070 to schedule an appointment in Indianapolis, IN. We will help you get rid of that bunion once and for all. We want you to live your best possible life!

By Carmel Foot & Ankle
November 06, 2018
Category: Foot Condition
Tags: Bunions  

Find out if your achy big toe could be the result of a bunion.

Foot BunionA lot of people will develop a bunion at some point during their lifetime. This deformity, typically affecting the joint at the base of your big toe, shows up gradually over the years. It’s important that you turn to our Carmel and Indianapolis, IN podiatrist, Dr. Jeffrey Agricola, if you suspect that your foot pain may be due to a bunion so that you know what to do to prevent it from getting worse.

How do I know that I have a bunion?

It’s pretty easy to determine if you have a bunion just by checking your feet. Take a second to check out your feet. Now, look at the base of your big toe. Is there a hard, bony mass that sticks out? Does your big toe lean in toward the smaller toes? If so, you could be dealing with a bunion.

If you have a bunion, simply standing or walking will put excessive pressure on the deformity, which can make it painful or uncomfortable to walk. You may also find that your shoes no longer fit like they once did and now they rub against the bunion, an effect that often causes a callus to form.

How are bunions treated?

If our Carmel and Indianapolis foot doctor informs you that you have a bunion, you may be wondering how to correct the issue. While surgery is the only definitive way to repair the deformity, surgery isn’t recommended unless the bunion is severe and greatly impacts your ability to walk.

Luckily, there are simple at-home care measures that you can implement into your daily routine to prevent the bunion from getting worse or causing issues. It’s important that you are wearing the proper shoes to protect your foot and to provide ample support and cushioning. Shoes that are too tight and bunch up the toes will only make your bunion worse. Make sure your toes are able to wiggle and move around within your shoes.

You might also benefit from getting custom orthotics from our podiatrist. Orthotics can provide further support and take some pressure and weight off the bunion. You may also choose to splint or brace your foot at night to improve the alignment of the big toe to reduce pain and inflammation.

Contact us today!

Don’t let bunion pain become the norm for you when there are so many simple measures you can take every day to make sure that your feet feel their best! Just because you have a bunion doesn’t mean that you have to put up with foot problems. If bunions are causing you issues, it’s time to turn to the foot experts at Prestige Podiatry in Indianapolis and Carmel, IN, by calling either (317) 881-0070 or (317) 846-4111 for our respective offices.

Foot and Ankle InjuryDr. Jeffrey Agricola, your foot doctor at Prestige Podiatry in Carmel and Indianapolis, IN, is a sports enthusiast. So, in addition to his extensive training in podiatric sports injuries, he well understands the pain, worry and immobility sudden or repetitive injuries can cause. Learn more here about common sports injuries, how they're treated and what you can do to avoid them.

What's the most common injury?

It's the ankle sprain, says the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons. A stretching and tearing of the three supporting ligaments of the ankle (especially the one on the outside of the ankle), ankle sprains cause considerable pain, swelling, redness, and limited mobility and range of motion. Usually, the lateral twisting motions associated with running on an uneven surface or slipping on wet pavement cause sprains.

Upon visual inspection and X-ray examination of your extremity, your foot doctor will grade the severity of your sprained ankle and base his conservative treatment plan on that grade. Only the worst cases of sprained ankle require surgical stabilization, but many sprains need:

  • Rest
  • Ice
  • Compression with an elastic bandage to reduce swelling and provide support
  • Elevation above heart level
  • Over-the-counter analgesics to control pain
  • Physical therapy and strengthening exercises
  • Soft casting and crutches (as needed) to limit weight bearing

As with many other injuries related to sports, both amateur and professional athletes can prevent ankle sprains with common sense strategies such as:

  • Adequate warning up and stretching before your activity
  • Staying in good physical condition
  • Keeping within normal weight limits
  • Wearing quality footwear with adequate support
  • Allowing sprains and other injuries adequate time to heal

Other injuries

Many sports injuries do not happen suddenly with traumatic force but with the repeated stresses of running and jumping, placing undue pressure on various foot and ankle structures. For example, tennis, dancing and running, which basically pound the foot over and over again, cause injuries such as:

  • Stress fractures, fine cracks in the bones of the foot or ankle
  • Sesamoiditis, inflammation of the sesamoid bones underneath the big toe
  • Plantar fasciitis, an inflammation of the broad connective tissue between the heel and big toes
  • Heel spurs, small bony protrusions at the front of the calcaneus, or heel bone
  • Achilles tendonitis which affects the tendon between the heel and the calf

Your Indianapolis foot doctor sees these injuries at Prestige Podiatry. He carefully evaluates symptoms, does a hands-on exam and takes X-rays images or other tests as needed. From there, he writes a care plan aimed at recovery of mobility, reduction of pain and prevention of further injury.

Are you athletic?

Actually, anyone who is very active is prone to sports injuries. So, if you're experiencing foot or ankle pain, swelling or dysfunction, call Prestige Podiatry today for a consultation with Dr. Jeffrey Agricola. For the Indianapolis office, call (317) 881-0070. For Carmel, phone (317) 846-4111.